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Capital

An architectural element, decorated with mouldings and ornamentation, which crowns a column, pilaster or pillar.

Caryatid

A female figure, often clad in a long tunic, used in place of a column, pillar or pilaster as an architectural support.

Casting

Various techniques employed to produce a work in plaster or metal. Traditional processes for metal casts include solid casting, lost wax casting and sand casting.

Chiaroscuro

In painting, the technique of juxtaposing areas of light and dark to model form and create contrasting effects.

Chisel

Wedgelike tool used for cutting, shaping and removing wood or stone. It comes in different sizes and weights; the largest ones are used to rough hew a block, the smallest are reserved for finishing and adding details.

Clay appliqué decoration

A technique, also called clay on clay, whereby coats of liquid slip are applied to the body of an unfired vase so as to model forms in light relief.

Contrapposto

An asymmetrical arrangement of the standing human figure in which the weight rests on one leg, freeing the other leg that is bent at the knee.

Cornice

In architecture, a projecting ornamental moulding around the top of a wall.