Babbitt metal

Alloy of tin or lead and antimony used in ornamental sculpture to replace the more prestigious and costly bronze.

Bande noire

Nickname given to the “painters of the Bande noire”, or the Nubians, a group of 19th-century French artists who were attracted to the contrasting Breton landscapes and exhibited works in sombre colours at the Paris Salon.


Sculpture in low relief projecting only slightly from its uniform background.


A rapid sketch made by a sculptor (in wax or clay) or a painter (in oil) as a study for a larger work.


One of the most frequently used engraving tools, also called a graver.